Ohio Homeschool

Ohio Homeschool Attendance Ages:  Children between the age of 6 and 18 years old are eligible to enroll in an ohio homeschool program. 

Ohio Homeschool Required Days of Instruction: Ohio requires all homeschool students to receive at least 900 hours per year

Ohio Homeschool Required Subjects: Ohio home school students must learn the following subjects:

Language, reading, spelling, writing, geography, history of the United States and Ohio, government, math, science, health, physical education, fine arts (including music), first aid, safety, and fire prevention.

Ohio state education laws defines homeschool as education primarily directed and provided by the parent   A parent must provide an annual notification to homeschool to the appropriate superintendent which must include the following:

a. School year for which notification is made;

Name and address of the parent, and full name and birth date of child;

Name and address of person(s) who will be teaching the child, if other than the parent;

Assurance that the homeschool will include the required subjects listed above;

A brief outline of intended curriculum and list of textbooks or other basic teaching materials;

Assurance of hours and qualifications.

The superintendent will review the information within 14 calendar days and determine if it is in compliance with the rules. If the homeschooler’s information is incomplete, the superintendent will
notify the parents in writing and give them 14 days to supplement information or meet with him. If
the superintendent has substantial evidence that the minimum educational requirements of Ohio's homeschool laws then he has the authority to deny the student from receiving a homeschool education. 
The superintendent must state the reason and inform the parents of their right to a due process hearing before him.  If the superintendent completely denies the homeschool, the family has 10 days to appeal to the local juvenile court pursuant to Ohio Rev. Code § 3331.08.
Ohio Homeschool Teaching Qualifications

The homeschool teacher must have a high school diploma or GED or test scores which demonstrate high school equivalence, or the parent must work under the direction of a person holding a baccalaureate degree until children’s test results demonstrate reasonable proficiency.

Standardized Testing Options: The parent can choose one of the following:

At the time of notification, the family must send to their school district one of the three items listed below:

1. A child’s test scores. If a child is tested, the child must have a composite score at least at the 25th percentile on a nationally normed standardized achievement test administered by either

(a) an Ohio licensed or certified teacher, excluding the certification of teachers in nontax-supported schools
(b) the public school
(c) another person mutually agreed upon by the parents and superintendent, or
(d) a “person duly authorized by the publisher of the test.

a. If the child fails to demonstrate reasonable proficiency on the assessment, the superintendent must notify the parents in writing they must submit a plan of remediation within 30 days. The parent must then submit quarterly reports to include (a) a narrative of the child’s progress with explanation if the child has made less than satisfactory progress in a subject and (b) an explanation if the intended curriculum plan was not covered for the quarter.

b. The superintendent may terminate a remediation plan at any time if the child is progressing. If not, the superintendent shall revoke the child’s excuse from attendance, giving the parents 30 days written notice to enroll in a lawful school. Parents shall have ten days to appeal the superintendent’ s decision to the juvenile court judge.

2. A “written narrative indicating that a portfolio of samples of the child’s work has been reviewed and that the child’s academic progress for the year is in accordance with the child’s abilities.  If a written narrative is prepared, it must be written by either (a) a licensed or certified teacher, excluding the certification of teachers in non tax supported schools.

3. An alternative assessment mutually agreed upon by the parents and the superintendent.

Alternative ways to privately educate children:
Ohio allows schools with truly held religious beliefs to be established without a charter from the State Board of Education.  These schools, officially non-chartered, non-tax-supported schools, have come to be known as “-08 schools.”
Ohio Public School enrollment

The school district of residence shall enroll or reenroll a child who has been home educated without discrimination or prejudice. The superintendent shall determine the appropriate placement of such child. In making the placement decision, the superintendent shall consider:

(A) The child's most recent annual academic assessment report,
(B) Requiring the child to take any or all of the nationally standardized achievement tests that are regularly scheduled for district pupils of similar age; and
(C) Other evaluation information that may include interviews with the child and/or parent(s).

Ohio Homeschool Teaching Qualifications

Homeschool in the state of Ohio has shown substanial growth throughout the years.  From 1999 to 2007 the state saw an increase in homeschool enroll of 74 percent with an estimated 24,000 students now enrolled in a homeschool education program.  Ohio’s governance over homeschoolers in the state is relatively moderate, compared to other U.S. states. Although the Ohio Department of Education does little to follow the progress of home-schooled children, homeschooling parents are expected to have a relationship with their local school district.  It's the parents responsibility to inform the school district of their child's homeschooling enrollment.